Know your own skin typeThe time frame regarding sunscreen will vary depending on your skin type. This will determine how long you can stay without sunscreen in the sun. This time is also called self-protection time. We all know that ultraviolet rays act differently depending on the person. Some people only stay a short time in the sun and appear red in colour, while others can stay in the sun for hours and are nicely tanned.
Skin type 1: Celtic type
- Very light skin
- red hair, green or blue eyes
- Self-protection time 5-10 minutes
Skin type 2: Nordic type
- Light skin
- blonde or light brown hair, blue eyes
- Self-protection time 10-20 minutes
Skin type 3: Mixed Type
- Light brown hair
- dark blonde or brown hair, brown (blue, green or grey) eyes
- Self-protection time 20-30 minutes
Skin type 4: Mediterranean type
- Brown, olive skin
- Dark brown or black hair, dark eyes
- Self-protection time 40-45 minutes
The impact radiation has on surfaces such as snow, water and sand is enhanced. The UVI is therefore somewhat higher because the UV radiation is reflected on bright or reflective surfaces.
- UV 1 to 2: This is where the health hazard is low and therefore no sunscreen is necessary.
- UV 3 to 5: With a UV-Index 3-5 there is already a medium health hazard. Here you should already think of appropriate clothing and a hat, and apply sunscreen to your exposed skin.
- UV 6 to 7: Here we speak already of a high health risk.
- UV 8 to 10: With a UVI value of 8 you should avoid the direct sun at lunchtime and definitely look for a shady place.
- UV 11 to 12: A UV index of 12 is to be found in the midday under a cloudless sky at the equator. The health risk here is already extremely high.
Tips for a better sunscreen
- Clothing protects: think of appropriate clothing, a hat and sunglasses. Some manufacturers offer outdoor clothing with a built-in UV protection, this way you’re optimally protected against sunburn.
- Proper sunscreen: There is a formula that helps to calculate the necessary sun protection factor.
- Waiting time: With some sunscreens you have to wait until the protection mechanism is set.This can take up to 30 minutes. However, Sunscreens with physical filters act immediately.
- Avoid direct sunlight, look for a shady spot!