Especially at the beginning of summer, we look forward to enjoying an outdoor tour in the sun.  However, sunburn the next day can really spoil the mood. We'll show you what it takes to sunscreen successfully, and how you can avoid your next sunburn.  

Know your own skin type

The time frame regarding sunscreen will vary depending on your skin type. This will determine how long you can stay without sunscreen in the sun. This time is also called self-protection time. We all know that ultraviolet rays act differently depending on the person. Some people only stay a short time in the sun and appear red in colour, while others can stay in the sun for hours and are nicely tanned.

Skin type 1: Celtic type

  • Very light skin
  • red hair, green or blue eyes
  • Self-protection time 5-10 minutes

Skin type 2: Nordic type

  • Light skin
  • blonde or light brown hair,  blue eyes
  • Self-protection time 10-20 minutes

Skin type 3: Mixed Type

  • Light brown hair
  • dark blonde or brown hair,  brown (blue, green or grey) eyes
  • Self-protection time 20-30 minutes

Skin type 4: Mediterranean type

  • Brown, olive skin
  • Dark brown or black hair, dark eyes
  • Self-protection time 40-45 minutes
  But it's not just the self-protection time that defines the effects of sunscreen. The UV index is another feature that significantly influences sun protection. The UV index indicates how sunburn is affected by UV radiation, ranging from values of 1 to 12. The main factor influencing the UV index is above all the sun.  However, the UVI changes, for example, by its geographic location, the ozone layer and the year and day. The higher the UVI, the faster you can get sunburn
  • UV 1 to 2: This is where the health hazard is low and therefore no sunscreen is necessary.
  • UV 3 to 5: With a UV-Index 3-5 there is already a medium health hazard. Here you should already think of appropriate clothing and a hat, and apply sunscreen to your exposed skin.
  • UV 6 to 7: Here we speak already of a high health risk.
  • UV 8 to 10: With a UVI value of 8 you should avoid the direct sun at lunchtime and definitely look for a shady place.
  • UV 11 to 12: A UV index of 12 is to be found in the midday under a cloudless sky at the equator. The health risk here is already extremely high.
The impact radiation has on surfaces such as snow, water and sand is enhanced. The UVI is therefore somewhat higher because the UV radiation is reflected on bright or reflective surfaces.  

Tips for a better sunscreen

  • Clothing protects: think of appropriate clothing, a hat and sunglasses. Some manufacturers offer outdoor clothing with a built-in UV protection, this way you’re optimally protected against sunburn.
  • Proper sunscreen: There is a formula that helps to calculate the necessary sun protection factor.
Skin type 1: 4 x UVI Skin type 2: 3 x UVI Skin type 3: 2 x UVI Skin type 4: at high UVI you should use a sun protection factor of 15, with an average sun radiation of at least 10 degrees.
  • Waiting time: With some sunscreens you have to wait until the protection mechanism is set.This can take up to 30 minutes. However, Sunscreens with physical filters act immediately.
  • Avoid direct sunlight, look for a shady spot!
With these tips nothing will stand in the way of your next outdoor adventure in the sun. So enjoy the sun and shares your tips on how to avoid sunburn.